According to research done by ACT Alberta (2015), certain populations tend to be more likely to be -targeted by traffickers. In particular, those living in poverty, those with histories of abuse and trauma, those living in isolation, and individuals who suffer from various forms of discrimination (including migrants, Aboriginal peoples, people who suffer from mental health concerns and addictions, and sex workers) are heavily affected by trafficking. Traffickers also tend to target youth and females, particularly for the purposes of sex trafficking. Vulnerabilities to human trafficking are the result of intersections of various social categories, power relations, and experiences that act on individuals in intricate and nuanced ways, resulting in some populations being more heavily affected than others.
ACT Alberta has been tracking information on individuals victimized by trafficking in Alberta since 2008. As of April 2015, 54.3 percent of the survivors of trafficking assisted by ACT Alberta were trafficked for sexual exploitation, 35.9 percent for labour exploitation, 8.7 percent for both sex and labour exploitation, and 1.1 percent for organ trafficking. About three-quarters of the trafficked people assisted by ACT Alberta are women and girls. 56% were trafficked internally, 44% trafficked internationally. The most common mode of entry into Canada for those who did not originate in Canada is through Temporary Foreign Worker Program or as visitors and students.